Fuzziness of International Borders, IRF, London (April 2017)

In my essay, I write about the encounters I've had with people trying to cross borders. The essay will explore the nature of borders and, perhaps show, that no two borders are alike. Legal or illegal, border crossing requires effort and preparation for many people. For the all the security and economic reasons for them to exist, Borders create a chasm that takes years to fill.  Above all, literature provides a better alternative for understanding borders.


How CPEC Will Hinder Pakistan’s Development in the Long Run, BASAS, Nottingham (April 2017)

China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is expected to bring economic revolution to Pakistan. All political parties stand united in welcoming fifty billion dollars; Army vows to protect it. With CPEC expect development, citizens are informed by media outlets and political pundits. I argue that at most, with CPEC expect growth, which is different from development. In absence of adequate redistributional mechanisms, growth enhances inequality and threatens democratic institutions. Despite that, CPEC brings joy, not for the citizens but, for the political elites who will take this opportunity to further delay tax reforms, a policy which guarantees development.


In this paper, I trace intellectual history of sustainable development from post WWII to the present. Using Knutsson (2000) methodology, I argue a) sustainable development is not a new idea and b) as a framework, Sustainable Development Goals, SDGs is akin to a ‘Developmental Thali’ where each and every idea, no matter how different, is presented simultaneously whilst disregarding any contradictions that may exist.